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INRA
24, chemin de Borde Rouge –Auzeville – CS52627
31326 Castanet Tolosan CEDEX - France

Dernière mise à jour : Mai 2018

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PETIT Sandrine

PETIT Sandrine
Director of Research
Pôle : GESTAD
Courriel : sandrine.petit-michaut@inra.fr
Tel : 03 80 69 30 32
Fax : 03 80 69 32 62

Curriculum Vitae

2007- present:  DR2 INRA Dijon
2007 HDR Spatial structures and levels of biological diversity in agricultural landscapes. Rennes University
1999-2007: Senior scientist at the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (NERC) at Lancaster (UK)
1998: Post-doctoral Louvain la Neuve University (BE)
1997: CNRS Rennes University
1995: Post-doctoral Stirling University (UK)
1994 PhD  Metapopulations in hedgerow networks : spatial analysis and diffusion. Rennes University,

Research Activities

Jan 2016: Directrice adjointe de l'UMR Agroécologie, responsable du pôle GEstAd

Jan. 2012- Mai 2014 : Responsable du Pôle Ecologie des Communautés et Durabilité des Systèmes Agricoles.

2009-2011 : Directrice adjointe de l’UMR Biologie et Gestion des Adventices.

2007 : DR2 INRA, UMR Biologie et Gestion des Adventices, Dijon.

1999-2007: Chercheur permanent, Land Use Research Group, Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Lancaster (GB).

1998 : Post-doctorat, Université Catholique de Louvain la Neuve (Belgique).

1997 : Post-doctorat CNRS, Université de Rennes 1.

1996 : Post-doctorat, Université de Stirling (GB).

Theme of researches

My main topic of interest is the dynamics of biodiversity in dynamic and heterogeneous agricultural mosaics at different scales. I focus more specifically on the impact of the spatio-temporal organization of cultivated and uncultivated landscape elements on (1) species assemblages and their evolution and on (2) (meta)population dynamics at the mosaics level ; I am also interested in interactions between communities in agro-ecosystems, e.g. weed seed predation by granivorous guilds of ground beetles.

Main research projects

 

In coordination

  • Co-portage du Réseau National SEBIOPAG (2013- ) Suivi à long terme des services écosystémiques de régulation biologique et de pollinisation dans les paysages agricoles
  • Coordination scientifique de la zone atelier de Fénay (2008-  )
  • Projet FRB SEBIOPAG-Phyto (2014-2017) Niveaux de régulation biologique et d’usage de produits phytosanitaires le long d’un gradient de pratiques et de paysages.
  • Projet ANR Advherb (2009-2013) Towards an agro-ecological management of weeds in low herbicide systems.
  • Projet Région Bourgogne (2009-2011) Analyse fonctionnelle multi-échelle de la flore adventice
  • Projet INRA SPE (2010-2011) : Analyse de la distribution spatiale de la flore adventice.

Other

  • Projet ANR Peerless (2013-2016) Viabilité d’une gestion écologique renforcée de la santé des plantes dans les paysages agricoles. Responsable de Workpackage.
  • Projet EU-FP7 PURE (2011-2015) Innovative crop protection for sustainable agriculture. Co-porteur de workpackage.
  • Projet ANR Agrobiose (2014-2017) Biodiversité et services écosystémiques en agroécosystèmes céréaliers intensifs.

 

Teaching

 

  • Alice Charalabidis (thèse 2014-2017) Behavioural Ecology of Weed Regulation by Carabid Beetles. (co-encadrante)- Financement INRA- Région Bourgogne.
  • Sarah Duchazaubeneix (thèse 2013-2016) Dynamique spatio-temporelle de populations de carabes granivores dans une mosaique hétérogène. Financement : MERT.
  • Aude Trichard (thèse 2011-2014) Flore et prédation de semences adventices : comparaison agriculture conventionnelle  - semis direct sous couvert. Financement Ministère de l’Agriculture.
  • Aline Boursault (thèse 2009-2012) Analyse multi-échelle de la prédation des graines d’adventices en grandes cultures. Financement : MERT.
  • Orla McLaughlin (post-doctorat 2014-2015): Réseaux trophiques dans l’agroécosystème. Financement projet ANR Peerless.
  • Audrey Alignier (post-doctorat 2011-2012): Distribution spatiale des adventices dans une mosaique agricole hétérogène. Financement projet ANR Advherb.
  • Richard Gunton (post-doctorat 2010-2011): Analyse des traits des adventices en réponse à la rotation des cultures. Financement Région Bourgogne.

 

Activités d'enseignement

  • Master 1 and 2 Biodiversity and Conservation, Landscape ecology (University of Burgundy)
  • Master Agronomy schools (AgroParisTech, Montpellier)

Publication

Biological regulations in agroecosystems

  • Petit, S., Trichard, A., Biju-Duval, L., McLaughlin, O., Bohan, D. (in press) Interactions between conservation agricultural practice and landscape composition promote weed seed predation by invertebrates. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment
  • Begg, G.S., Cook, S., Dye, M., Ferrante, M., Frank, P., Lavigne, C., Lövei, G., Pell, J., Petit, S., Quesada, N., Ricci, B., Birch, N.E. (in press) A functional overview of conservation biological control. Crop Protection
  • Labruyere, S., Ricci, B., Lubac, A., Petit, S. (2016) Crop type, crop management and grass margins affect the abundance and the nutritional state of seed-eating carabid species in arable landscapes. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 231, 183-192.
  • Quintessence consortium (2016) Ecosystem Services, Ecosystem function, Networks, Decision-making, complex interactions. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 31 (2), 105-115.Labruyere, S., Bohan, D., Biju-Duval, L., Ricci, B. Petit, S. (2016). Local, neighbor and landscape effects on the abundance of weed seed-eating carabids in arable fields: a nationwide analysis. Basic & Applied Ecology 17, 230-239.
  • Labruyere, S., Bohan, D., Biju-Duval, L., Ricci, B. Petit, S. (2016). Local, neighbor and landscape effects on the abundance of weed seed-eating carabids in arable fields: a nationwide analysis. Basic & Applied Ecology 17, 230-239.
  • Petit, S., Boursault, A. Bohan, D.A. (2014) Weed seed choice by carabid beetles: linking field measurements and laboratory diet assessments. European Journal of Entomology 111, 615-620.
  • Trichard, A., Ricci, B., Ducourtieux, C., Petit, S. (2014). The spatio-temporal distribution of weed seed predation differs between conservation agriculture and conventional tillage.  Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 180, 40-47.
  • Bohan D.A., Raybould A, Mulder C, Woodward G, Tamaddoni-Nezhad A, Bluthgen N., Pocock M, Muggleton S , Evans DM, Astegiano J, Massol F, Loeuille N, Petit, S. and Macfadyen S. (2013) Networking Agroecology. Advances in Ecological Research. Vol. 49, 2-67.
  • Massol, F & Petit, S. (2013) Interaction networks in agricultural landscape mosaics. Advances in Ecological Research 49, 272-338.
  • Trichard, A;, Alignier, A. & Petit, S. 2013. The relative contribution of local management and landscape context on weed seed predation service. Basic & Applied Ecology 14, 235-245.
  • Brooks, DR, Storkey J, Clark, SJ, , Firbank LG, Petit, S. & Woiwod IP. (2011). Trophic links between functional groups of arable plants and beetles are stable at a national scale. Journal of Animal Ecology 81, 4-13.
  • Veres, A., Petit, S., Conord, C., Lavigne, C. (2011) Does landscape composition affect pest abundance and their control by natural enemies ? A review. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 138, 10-16.
  • Bohan, D.A., Boursault, A., Brooks, D. and Petit, S. (2011). National-scale regulation of the weed seedbank by carabid predators. Journal of Applied Ecology 48, 388-398.
  • Meiss, H., Le Lagadec, L., Munier-Jolain N., Waldhardt, R. & Petit, S. (2010) Weed seed predation increases with vegetation cover in arable fields. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 138, 10-16.
  • Alignier A., Meiss H., Petit S. & Reboud X. (2008) Variation of post-dispersal weed seed predation according to weed species, space and time. Journal of Plant Diseases and Protection 21: 221-226.

Arable weeds

  • Petit, S, Gaba, S., Grison, AL., Meiss, H., Simmoneau, B. Munier-Jolain, N., Bretagnolle V. (2016) Landscape scale management affects weed richness but not weed abundance in winter wheat fields. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 223, 41-47.
  • Petit, S, Munier-Jolain, N., Bretagnolle V, Bockstaller C, Gaba, S., Mézière D, Colbach N. (2015) Ecological intensification through pesticide reduction: weed control, weed biodiversity and sustainability in arable farming. Environmental Management 56, 1078-1090.
  • Mézière D, Petit S, Granger S, Biju-Duval L, Colbach N (2014) Developing a set of simulation-based indicators to assess harmfulness and contribution to biodiversity of weed communities in cropping systems. Ecological Indicators 48:157–170
  • N. Colbach , L. Biju-Duval , A. Gardarin, S. Granger , S.H.M. Guyot, D. Mézière, N.M., Munier-Jolain , S. Petit (2014) The role of models for multicriteria evaluation and multiobjective design of cropping systems for managing weeds. Weed Research
  • Lechenet M,  Bretagnolle V, Bockstaller C, Boissinot F,  Petit M-S, Petit, S.,  Munier-Jolain N.M. (2014) Reconciling Pesticide Reduction with Economic and Environmental Sustainability in Arable Farming.  PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(6):e97922.
  • Trichard, A., Alignier, A., Chauvel, B., Petit, S. (2013). Identification of weed community traits response to Conservation Agriculture. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 179, 179-186.
  • Alignier, A., Ricci, B., Petit, S. (2013) Increasing spatial and temporal scale information improves explanatory models of weed occurence. Ecological Complexity 15, 17-25.
  • Alignier, A. & Petit, S. 2012 Factors shaping the spatial variation of weed communities across a landscape mosaic. Weed Research 52, 402–410. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3180.2012.00934.x
  • Alignier, A. , Bretagnolle, V. & Petit, S. (2012) Spatial patterns of weeds along a gradient of landscape complexity. Basic & Applied Ecology 13, 328-337. DOI: 10.1016/j.baae.2012.05.005
  • Petit, S., Alignier, A., Colbach, N., Joannon, A., Thenail, C. (2012) Weed dispersal by farming activities across spatial scales. Agronomy for Sustainable Development. DOI: 10.1007/s13593-012-0095-8. 
  • Petit, S. & Fried, G. (2012) Assembly rules of arable weeds differ at the field and the landscape level.  Journal of Vegetation Science. DOI: 10.1111/j.1654-1103.2012.01421.x
  • Cordeau, S., Petit, S., Reboud, X., Chauvel, B. (2012) The impact of sown grass strips on the spatial distribution of weed species in adjacent field margins and arable fields. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 155: 35-40. doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2012.03.022
  • Borgy, B., Gaba, S., Petit, S., Reboud, X. (2012). Non-random distribution of weed species abundance in arable fields. Weed Research 52, 383-389. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3180.2012.00920.x
  • Cordeau, S., Petit, S., Reboud, X., Chauvel, B. (2012) Sown grass strips harbour high weed diversity but decrease weed richness in adjacent crops. Weed Research 52, 88-97. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3180.2011.00892.x
  • Gunton, R.M.,Petit, S. and Gaba, S. (2011). Functional traits relating arable weed communities to crop characteristics. Journal of Vegetation Science 22, 341-350 Doi:10.1111/j.1654-1103.2011.01273.x
  • Petit, S., Boursault, A., Le Guilloux, M., Munier-Jolain,N. & Reboud, X. (2011). Weeds in agricultural landscapes : a review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development 31, 309-317. Doi:10.1051/agro/2010020
  • Fried, G., Petit,S., Reboud X. (2010) A specialist-generalist classification of the arable flora and its response to changes in agricultural practices BMC Ecology 10:20. Doi:10.1186/1472-6785-10-20
  • Gaba, S., Chauvel, B., Dessaint F., Bretagnolle, V. & Petit, S. (2010) Weed species richness in winter wheat increases with landscape heterogeneity. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 138, 318-323. Doi:10.1016/j.agee.2010.06.005
  • Chikowo, R., Faloya, V., Petit, S. and Munier-Jolain, N. (2009) Integrated Weed Management systems allow reduced reliance on herbicides and long term weed control. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 132 : 237-242. Doi:10.1016/j.agee.2009.04.009
  • Fried, G., Petit,S., Dessaint F ; Reboud X. (2009) Arable weed decline in Northern France : Crop edges as refugia for weed conservation ? Biological Conservation 142: 238-243.Doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2008.09.029

 

Biodiversity in dynamic agricultural landscapes

  • Vinatier, F., Lagacherie, P., Voltz, M., Petit, S., Lavigne, C., Brunet, Y., Lescourret, F. (2016). An unified framework to integrate biotic, abiotic processes and human activities in spatially explicit landscape models. Frontiers in Environmental Science. DOI: 10.3389/fenvs.2016.00006
  • Petit, S. and Frederiksen, P. (2011) Modelling Land Use change impacts for sustainability assessment. Ecological Indicators 11, 1-3.Doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2010.08.001
  • Jones, L.M., Norris, D., Hall, J. & Petit, S. (2011) Developing an indicator-modelling approach to forecast changes in nitrogen critical load exceedance across Europe arising from agricultural reform. Ecological Indicators 11, 16-25. Doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2009.06.005
  • Scholefield, P., Firbank L., Butler, S., Norris, K., Jones, LM. & Petit, S. (2011) Modelling the European Farmland Bird Indicator in response to forecast land-use change in Europe. Ecological Indicators 11, 46-51. Doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2009.09.008
  • Gerard,F., Petit, S.. et al. (2010) Land cover change in Europe between 1950 to 2000 determined employing aerial photography. Progress in Physical Geography 34, 183-205. Doi : 10.1177/0309133309360141
  • Pacha, M. & Petit, S. (2008) The effect of landscape structure and habitat quality on the occurrence of Geranium sylvaticum in fragmented hay meadows. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 123 (81-87).
  • Petit, S. (2009) The dimensions of land use change in rural landscapes : lessons learnt from the GB Countryside Surveys. Journal of Environmental Management 90, 2851.2856. Doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2008.05.023
  • Firbank, L.G., Petit S., Smart S.M., Blain A. and Fuller R.J. (2008) Assessing the impacts of agricultural intensification on biodiversity : a British perspective Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society - Ser B - Biological Sciences 363, 777.787.
  • Thomson, A.G., S.J. Manchester, S. Petit, R.D. Swetnam, G.M. Smith, R.A. Wadsworth, F.F. Gerard (2007) The use of digital aerial photography and CORINE-derived methodology for monitoring recent and historic changes in land cover. International Journal for Remote Sensing 28, 5397-5426Petit, S., Elbersen, B. 2006. Assessing the risk of agricultural intensification for calcareous grassland in Europe. AMBIO, 35 : 297-303
  • Petit, S., Firbank L.G. 2006. Predicting the loss of semi-natural habitat to intensive agriculture at the national scale. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 115 : 277-280..
  • Pywell, R.F.. Warman, E.A T.H. Sparks, J.N. Greatorex-Davis, K.J. Walker, W.R. Meek, C.Carvell, S. Petit and L.G. Firbank. 2004 Assessing habitat quality for butterflies on intensively managed arable farmland. Biological Conservation, 118 : 313-325
  • Chamberlain D.E., S. Gough, J.A. Vickery, L.G. Firbank, S. Petit, R. Pywell R.B. Bradbury 2004. Rule-based predictive models are not cost-effective alternatives to bird monitoring on farmland. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment, 101:1-8.
  • Petit, S., Chamberlain, D., Haysom, K., Pywell, R., Allen, D. & Firbank, L. 2003. Knowledge-based models for predicting species occurrence in arable conditions. Ecography, 26 (5) : 626-640
  • Petit, S., Haysom, K, Pywell, R., Warman, L., Allen, D., Booth, R. & L. Firbank. 2003. Habitat-based models for predicting the occurrence of ground-beetles in arable landscapes : two alternative approaches. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment, 95 : 19-28.
  • Petit, S., Griffiths, L., Smart, S.M., Stuart, R.C, Smith, G. and Wright, S. 2004a. Effects of area and isolation of woodland patches on plant species richness across Great Britain. Landscape Ecology 19:463-471
  • Petit, S., Howard, D.C., Stuart, R.C.2004b. A national perspective on recent changes in the spatial characteristics of woodland in the British landscape. Landscape and Urban Planning 69:127-135
  • Petit, S., Stuart, R.C., Gillespie, M.K. & Barr, C.J. 2003b. Field boundaries in Great Britain : stock and change between 1984, 1990 and 1998. Journal of Environmental Management 67(3) : 229-238
  • Haines-Young R., Barr, C.J, Firbank L.G., Furse M., Howard D.C, McGowan G., Petit S., Smart S.M., & J.W. Watkins. 2003. Changing landscapes, habitats and vegetation diversity across Great Britain. Journal of Environmental Management 67(3) : 267-281
  • Brandt, J., Bunce, R.G.H, Petit, S., Howard, D.C. 2002. Experiences of survey and monitoring in Denmark and Great Britain. Landscape and Urban Planning 62 : 37-51. Petit, S., Firbank, L., Wyatt, B. & Howard, D. 2001. MIRABEL : Models for Integrated Review and Assessment of Biodiversity in European Landscapes. AMBIO, 30 : 81-88.
  • Petit, S. & Usher, M.B. 1998. The carabid assemblage of woodland habitats in a lothian agricultural landscape. Biodiversity and Conservation, 7:1549-1561.
  • Burel, F., Baudry, J., Butet, A ; Delettre, Y., Morvan, N., Petit, S. & Thenail, C. 1998. Biodiversity in agricultural landscapes. Acta Oecologica, 19 : 47-60.

Metapopulation dynamics

  • Baguette, M., Mennechez, G., Petit, S. & Schtickzelle, N. 2003. Effect of habitat fragmentation on the butterfly Proclossiana eunomia. Comptes Rendus Biologies, 326 : 200-209.
  • Mennechez, G., Petit, S., Schtickzelle, N and Baguette, M. 2004. Modelling mortality and dispersal : consequences of parameter generalisation on metapopulation dynamics. Oikos, 106 (2) : 243-252
  • Petit, S., Moilanen, A., Hanski, I. & Baguette, M. 2001. Metapopulation dynamics of the Bog Fritillary butterfly : movements between habitat patches. Oikos, 92(3):491-500
  • Baguette, M., Petit, S. & Queva, F. 2000. Population spatial structure and migration of three butterfly species within the same habitat network : consequences for conservation. Journal of Applied Ecology, 37 : 100-109.
  • Petit S. & Burel, F. 1998. Connectivity in metapopulations : Abax ater (Col. Carabidae) in a hedgerow network landscape. CR ACAD SCI III - Life Sciences, 321 : 55-61.
  • Petit S. & Burel, F. 1998. Effects of landscape dynamics on the metapopulation of a ground beetle (Col., Carabidae) in a hedgerow network. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment 69 : 243-252
  • Charrier, S., Petit, S. & Burel, F. 1997 Movements of Abax ater (Vill.) (Coleoptera, Carabidae) in woody habitats of a hedgerow network landscape : a radiotracing study. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 61 : 133-144

Mots clés

Landscape ecology, Community ecology, Agroecology, Biological regulation, Land use change