Environmental Microbiology and Health Risk
Humans live in interaction/contact with multiple microbial communities. Indeed, skin and mucous membranes are colonized with commensal micro-organisms. Meanwhile, agricultural practices (recycling of livestock manure, organic amendments, urban sewage sludge ...) may contribute to the spread of human pathogens in environmental and/or animal reservoirs. Consequently soil, water, plants and animals can be a source of food contamination.
Environmental reservoirs for human pathogens may increase the risk for the emergence of transmissible diseases and the spread of antibiotic resistance strains and /or genes. The resulting health risk might be increased by climate change, population growth, lack of access to safe drinking water and lack of sanitation.
Pathogens developped complex mechanisms to adapt to various physico-chemical conditions microbial or biological microenvironments such as those encountered in plant, human or animal hosts as well as in soil, water : understanding the mechanisms by which micro-organisms may adapt to various environmental conditions may help understanding the circulation of pathogen micro-organisms from human/animals to the environment and vice versa.
The team "Health Risk and Environmental Microbiology" (MERS) addresses issues concerning i) the prevalence of human pathogens (including pathogens resistant to antibiotics) in environmental/animal reservoirs and their characterization, ii) the mecanisms of adaptation of these pathogens to various environments.
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The MERS team groups together specialists and researchers in clinical and veterinary microbiology, environmental microbiology, cellular and molecular microbiology, microbial physiology, genetics, and biochemistry.
Betelli Laetitia MCF
Depret Géraldine, IE, INRA
Dequaire-Rochelet Murielle, MCF, université de Bourgogne
Gal Laurent, MCF, Université de Bourgogne
Garmyn Dominique, MCF, Université de Bourgogne
Hartmann Alain, DR, INRA
Lemaitre Jean-Paul, MCF, université de Bourgogne
Piveteau Pascal, MCF, université de Bourgogne
Revellin Cécile, IR, INRA
Solanas Sébastien, ATP, INRA
Vienney Fabienne, MCF